Peltogyne, commonly known as purpleheart, violet wood, amaranth and other local names (often referencing the colour of the wood) is a genus of 23 species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae; native to tropical rainforests of Central and South America; from Guerrero, Mexico, through Central America.
Common Name(s):Purpleheart, Amaranth
Scientific Name:Peltogyne spp.
Distribution:Central and South Africa
Tree Size:100-170 ft (30-50 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight:56 lbs/ft3 (905 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.76, .90
Janka Hardness:2,520 lbf (11,190 N)
Modulus of Rupture:22,000 lbf/in2 (151.7 MPa)
Elastic Modulus:2,937,000 lbf/in2 (20.26 GPa)
Crushing Strength:12,140 lbf/in2 (83.7 MPa)
Shrinkage:Radial: 3.8%, Tangential: 6.4%, Volumetric: 10.6%, T/R Ratio: 1.7